Who Has Said That Caste Is A Closed Class. “in some societies it is not uncommon for individuals to move up or down the social ladder. Brahmans or priests, kshattriyas or warriors, vaishyas men of commerce and sudras who are workmen.
Where this is the case the society is said to have ‘open’ classes. August 13, 2021 by afroze eqbal. In india, class and caste categories coexist, with higher, medium, and lower class categories running parallel to caste groups.